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World Cancer Day: Fight against Cancer

World Cancer Day: Fight against Cancer

 'World Cancer Day' is a global event, which is celebrated on 4th February every year to unite the people of the world to fight against cancer. Its purpose is to increase education about awareness and cancer and make governments and individuals sensitive for action in the world.

 World Cancer Day was established on February 4, 2000 in Paris on the World Conference against Cancer for New Millennium in Paris by the Paris Charter. 8.8 million People worldwide die from cancer every year; if the investigation is left out, then by the year 2030 every death number will be 13.2 million. The five most common cancers in India are breast cancer, cervical cancer, oral cancer, lung, and colorectal cancer.

 We can, I can.

 Under World Cancer Day 2016-2018, promotional sentence (tagline) "We can, I can" how can a person play his role at a collective or personal level to reduce the global burden of cancer. In individual, family and community level, cancer affects everyone in different ways. Everyone has the potential to reduce the effects of cancer.

 Cancer: Causes and Symptons

  • Cancer is the common name for a group of diseases, in which some cells within the body grow due to being uncontrolled for some reason.
  • Untreated cancer can spread to the surrounding normal tissues or other parts of the body, which can lead to serious illness, disability and death.
  •   Cancer is multi-functional / multiple-pronged disease (there is no one reason for one type of cancer). Some external agents work as carcinogen (causing cancer), these are the following:
  • Physical carcinogenic elements such as ultraviolet and ionizing radiation
  • Chemical carcinogens such as asbestos, tobacco, aflotoxin (contaminated diet), and arsenic (contaminated drinking water).
  • Biological carcinogens elements such as infections caused from parasites, viruses, bacteria or hepatitis B and C virus and human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Ageing is another important factor in the development of cancer.
  • Tobacco and alcohol intake, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity are the major risk factors for cancer.


  • New lump or change in the breast.
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • Sore, which can not be cured.
  • Abnormal bleeding or discharge from the body.
  • Increase or decrease in weight without reason.
  • Having difficulty swallowing
  • Passive change in wart or sesame
  • Do not swing constantly or coughing.

Preventions for cancer

  • Consume various types of vegetables, fruits, beans, nuts and whole grains.
  • Perform regular physical activities.
  • Avoid overweight / obesity.
  • Adopt Safe Sexual Practice
  • Avoid tobacco, including cigarette and smokeless tobacco.
  • Limit use of alcohol.
  • Vaccinate against HPV and Hepatitis B virus.
  • Avoid limited contact / contact with important environmental carcinogens.
  • Learn about warning signs.
  • Do your regular health checkup and cancer screening. 
  • In order to prevent and control major non-communicable diseases (NCD), National Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Trauma Prevention and Control Program (NPCDDCS) was started in the year 2010.
  • Under National Health Mission (NHM), population-based screening of normal NCDs like diabetes, high blood pressure and cancer is being done.
  •  World Cancer Day gives the message
  • Every person can adopt a healthy lifestyle choice to reduce the risk of cancer.
  • Detection in the early stage and taking medical care on time can save life from cancer.
  • Cancer sufferers and their caretakerss can take the help of others to help cope with cancer.

With the right cooperation, people suffering from cancer can successfully return to work.

Related Question:-

Q.1 When is the World Cancer Day celebrated?
A. 14 February
B. 25 September
C. 04 February
D. 17 December
Ans: 04 February
Q.2 What are the elements or factor causes cancer s called?
A. Halogen
B. Photogen
C. Carcinogen
D. Chemogen
Ans: Carcinogen

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