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The Civil War begins
- In American history begin the bloodiest four years war on this day when Confederate shore batteries under General P.G.T. The Beauregard open fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay.
- The U.S Major Robert Anderson surrendered the fort on April 13. Mortars and 50 Confederate guns launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort during the next 34 hours.
- The President of U.S Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to quell the Southern “insurrection.” two days later.
- The ongoing conflict between North and South over the issue of slavery had led the Southern leadership to discuss filed separation from the United States as early as 1858.