Supreme Court fixed next hearing of Ayodhya Case on 29 January. Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi said that the date of hearing will be fixed today only after hearing the case on the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case in Ayodhya politically before the Constitution bench of five judges on 10 January 2018.
- Muslim counsel Rajiv Dhawan questioned the involvement of Justice UU Lalit of five-judge’s bench. Rajiv Dhawan said that in the year 1994, the Justice Lalit has lobbied for the former Chief Minister Kalyan Singh in Babri Masjid Dispute
- After raising the question of Rajiv Dhawan, Chief Justice consulted the rest of the judges. Justice UU Lalit, on this, told to separate himself from the hearing.
- Now the new constituitional bench will be constituted on Ayodhya Case after being separated of justice U U Lalit himself from the bench of five judges. With this, the next hearing in the Supreme Court will be held on January 29 and the new bench will be formed. It is notable that this bench is hearing the petition filed against Allahabad High Court's decision.
- The Supreme Court's Constitution Bench has stayed the Ayodhya case hearing. The five-member Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi was also attended by Justice SA Bobde, Justice NV Raman, Justice UU Lalit and Justice Dhananjay Y Chandrachud.
- Earlier on 04 January 2019, the Supreme Court had said that Ayodhya will take a new bench hearing the petition challenging the Allahabad High Court's decision on the land dispute case.
- Now the bench of five judges will hear the case. Now the new bench will decide whether this case should be heard in the fast track or not. The hearing took place in front of the bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul.
Earlier, on 27 September 2018, the three-member bench, headed by the then Chief Justice Deepak Mishra, sent the matter to a bench of five judges to take a fresh look at the comments made in a 1994 decision with a majority of 2-1 Had refused.
The hearing in the Supreme Court has also become important because Prime Minister Narendra Modi had said on 01 January 2019 that the question of decision about the ordinance will be raised only after the judicial process has been completed in the case of Ram temple in Ayodhya.
- Ismail Farooqi challenged land acquisition in Ayodhya, on which the apex court had said that reading Namaz is not an essential part of the mosque.
- The Muslim community did not agree with this and they wanted the Supreme Court to consider its decision again.
- The Supreme Court had argued on behalf of Muslim parties that the namaz case should be decided early in the mosque.
- The Muslim community also wanted that the 1994 judgment before the main case be heard. Decision on Ayodhya land dispute will be based on facts.
- The Supreme Court reserved the judgment on July 20 on the issue.Simultaneously, it was instructed to maintain status quo in Ram Janmabhoomi so that people of Hinduism could worship there.
- It is noteworthy that the Hindu Mahasabha and Sunni Central Waqf Board had filed a petition in the Supreme Court against the judgment given in 2010 in the Allahabad High Court. Earlier, the case was hearing Chief Justice Deepak Mishra, Justice Ashok Bhushan and Justice Abdul Nazir.
Case History of Ayodhya Dispute
- 1949: Idols of Lord Rama was seen in Babri Masjid. The government has declared the premises disputed and closed the door of temple.
- 1950: The petition was filed in Faizabad court and demanded to perform the worship inside the mosque.
- 1959: Nirmohi Akhada filed a petition demanding control of the mosque.
- 1961: Sunni Waqf Board's petition, seeking the removal of statues from the mosque
- 1984: VHP launches campaign of mass support for Ram temple.
- 1986: Faizabad Court ordered the opening of the mosque to worship the Hindus.
- 1989: Rajiv Gandhi allowed the Vishwa Hindu Parishad to perform near puja of the disputed site.
- 1992: Kar sewaks dropped the Babri Masjid and built a temporary temple.
- 2003: Allahabad High Court orders ASI to dig the disputed site.
- 2010: Allahabad High Court orders division of disputed land in three parts; different parties challenge the High Court verdict in the Supreme Court.
- 2011: The Supreme Court banning Allahabad High Court judgment said that during the hearing, the High Court's decision will be stayed on implementation. Also, the status quo will be restored on January 7, 1993 at the disputed site.
- 2016: Subramaniam Swamy filed a petition in the Supreme Court on the construction of Ram Temple on the disputed land.
- 2017: Supreme Court Chief Justice JS Khehar said that the Ayodhya dispute case should be sorted out by mutual negotiation. The Supreme Court constituted the Bench of three judges to hear the petition challenging the Allahabad High Court's Ismail Farooqui verdict in 1994.
- 2018: Supreme Court refuses to reconsider the decision of the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid-based 1994 issue.
Let us know that before this, the hearing of this case was on the bench of three judges led by then Chief Justice Deepak Mishra. Prior to retirement, Chief Justice Deepak Mishra's Bench had said in a decision on this matter that the matter is a land dispute and it will not be referred to the Constitutional Bench.