It was announced recently by the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change that in January 2019, India's first National Environmental Survey (NES) will be organized in 55 districts of 24 states and three union territories.
The first set of complete green data of the survey will be available from 2020, which will provide an important tool in the hands of policy makers to make decisions at district, state and national levels.
National Environmental Survey
• Survey to collect comprehensive data on various environmental parameters such as air, water, soil quality, emissions list, solid, dangerous and e-waste, forest and wildlife, organism and vegetation, wetlands, lakes, rivers and other water bodies, will be done through a grid-based approach.
• It will also assess the carbon cover capability of all the districts across the country.
• The National Environmental Survey will rank all the districts on their environmental performance and will tell about the most green areas present there.
• After the survey the data will be available from next year i.e. 2020 because it will take time to compile the collected data.
• The survey is expected to be conducted in all 716 districts of the country for a period of three to four years. At present, necessary preparatory work and training is being done in all 55 districts where next year the National Environmental Survey will be conducted.
• These 55 districts include South Delhi, Pune and Palghar in Maharashtra, Gurugram and Mewat (Nuh) in Haryana.
• Kullu in Himachal Pradesh, Nalanda in Bihar, Dhanbad in Jharkhand, Jamnagar and Mehsana in Gujarat, Alwar and Barmer in Rajasthan, Coimbatore and Madurai in Tamil Nadu, Shimoga in Karnataka and Hyderabad in Telangana.
Benefits of survey
This survey will provide accurate data to policy makers so that they can make appropriate environmental decisions. So far, no such survey was conducted in the country so that it felt necessary before implementing schemes for any particular area.
At present, secondary data is available on most of the country's standards. However, the National Environmental Survey will provide primary data on all green parts for the first time. It will be of the same type as the National Sample Survey periodically collects various socio-economic data.
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