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India is the largest SO2 emitter in the world, says Greenpeace report

India is the largest SO2 emitter in the world, says Greenpeace report

India is the largest emitter of anthropogenic sulfur dioxide (SO2) in the world. A report released on 19 August 2019 by Greenpeace, an NGO associated with environmental protection, states. Burning coal produces sulfur dioxide and has the highest share in air pollution.

An analysis of NASA data released by Greenpeace shows that India has 15 percent more than all of the world's anthropogenic sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions hotspots. The SO2 hotspot was detected by the OMI (Ozone Monitoring Instrument) satellite.

This report has been prepared by Greenpeace, a non-governmental organization working for the environment, with the help of satellite of US space agency NASA, studying twenty power plant cities from the country.

SO2 hotspots in India

  • The main SO2 emission hotspots in India include Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh. Neyveli and Chennai in Tamil Nadu.
  • Talcher and Jharsuguda in Odisha.
  • Korba in Chhattisgarh.
  • Kutch in Gujarat.
  • Ramagundam in Telangana.
  • Chandrapur and Koradi in Maharashtra.
  •  According to the study, most plants in India lack flu-gas desulfurization technology to reduce air pollution.

SO2 hotspot in the world

  • According to NASA data, Russia's Norilsk smelter complex is the world's largest hotspot of SO2 emissions.
  •  After that, Kriel area in Mpumalanga province of South Africa is the second largest SO2 Hotspot followed by Zagros in Iran.
  • However, according to the world rankings, India tops the list in emitting SO2 as it has the highest hotspots of SO2 emissions.

SO2 emission

  • SO2 emission is a key contributor to air pollution.
  • The biggest source of SO2 in the atmosphere is the burning of fossil fuels in power plants and other industrial units.
  •  According to this report, air pollution is directly affecting the health of the people.
  • 91 percent of the world's population lives in areas where outdoor air pollution has exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) limit.
  • The result is that every year more than 4 million people are dying from air pollution.
  • According to environmental experts, India should take strong action against coal power plants.
  • According to experts, fuels causing pollution should be avoided.
  • There is only one solution to air pollution and climate emergency.

World’s Top five SO2 emitting countries

  • India               586 kilotons per year
  • Russia            683 kilotons per year
  • China             578 kilotons per year
  • Mexico          897 kilotons per year
  • Iran                820 kilotons per year
Q.1 According to Greenpeace, Which country is the largest SO2 emitter in the world?
A. Russia
B. India
C. Iran
D. Mexico
Q.2 According to Greenpeace, Which country has the highest number of SO2 hotspot?
A. Russia
B. India
C. Iran
D. Mexico
Ans: India

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