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IIT Madras created India's first indigenous microprocessor 'Shakti'

IIT Madras created India's first indigenous microprocessor 'Shakti'

Indian Institute of Technology Madras has developed and designed India's first indigenous microprocessor. This microprocessor has been called 'Shakti'.

This indigenous microprocessor will soon help to power mobile phones, surveillance cameras and smart meters. It has been built with Microchip in the Semiconductor Lab of Indian Space Research Organization, Chandigarh.

Indigenous Microprocessor

  • Kamikoti Vizinathan, Lead Research Professor of Rise Lab of IITM, says that many applications in current digital India require customized processor cores.
  • With all our new designs, all these things will be quite easy.
  • Reduced dependence on imported micro chips. Also, the risk of cyber attacks caused by these micro chips will also be lower.
  • The brain of all computing and electronic devices is associated with many microprocessors, which are used to operate high speed systems and supercomputers.
  • In July, the initial batch of IIT Madras had 300 chip designs, which were added to the Intel's facility in Oregon, USA.
  • Now the Micro Processors designed in the country are completely Indian.
  • The microprocessor made in India is of 180 nm, while the processor made in the US is 20 nm.

Microprocessor: Microprocessor is a digital electronic device in which millions of transistors are prepared using an integrated circuit (IC). It is also used like a computer's central processing unit (CPU). The only way to build a microprocessor was to go ahead with the invention of integrated circuits. Before the microprocessor came into being, the CPU was created by adding different electronic components, or from the circuits containing the miniature integration. The first microprocessor was made in 1970.

Q.1 What is the name of first indigenous microprocesor developed by IIT Madras?
A. Oregon
B. Intel
C. Shakti
D. OPD Mini Processor
Ans: Shakti
Q.2 When was first microprocessor invented?
A. 1989
B. 1970
C. 1971
D. 1972
Ans: 1970

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