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Fake news Bill passed in Singapore Parliament

Fake news Bill passed in Singapore Parliament

After a long discussion and debate of two days, Singapore Parliament passed Fake News Bill on 8 May 2019. This bill is to recorrect or remove fake news by online media, according to the government.

However, journalists, academics and global technology companies expressed concern over free speech and abuse of power. This expression (sharing your thoughts with others) can also be used to hold on freedom.

Main features of Bill

  • In this bill, the officials will have the right to order the removal of 'Fake News' and to impose heavy fines.
  • According to bill, the ministers can order social media websites such as Facebook to order a 'warning' on those posts which are consider to be a Fake by the authorities
  • Critics suggest that law gives government officials the powers they want in their own way. They say that the private sector should be the ultimate mediator for the statements of liability and without liability.
  • This bill passed by consent of 72 MPs, 09 MPs dissatisfaction. Three nominated MPs kept themselves away from this.
  • According to the administration, this bill does not apply to anyone's thoughts, criticism, teasing or misery to anyone.
  • On the passage by the Singapore Government Bill, on the basis of two criteria, it will ensure that which news is to be put in the news list.
  • Both of these criteria- when a faked advertisement or announcement is issued and when this action is considered related to the public interest.

Punishment on violation of Law

  • This bill involves blocking websites that demand a correction, a decision to remove content, or promote publicity against the public.
  • Failure to adhere to the orders under this bill can result in penalties and punishment.
  • Under the new bill, a fine of $ 735,000 can be imposed on firms violating the law.
  • Companies can also be ordered to remove content in some cases. At the same time, individuals may have to face jail sentence of up to 10 years.

Background:

Singapore is the one who controls its large local media outlets. In the World Press Freedom Index of Reporters Without Borders (RSF), Singapore is at 151th out of 180 countries. Various types of penalties have been proposed under this bill. It can be used for free exchange of ideas and information.

Q.1 Which country's parliament passed Fake News Bill in 2019?
A. Malaysia
B. Singapore
C. India
D. Pakistan
Answer...
Ans: Singapore

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