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Chandrayan-2 will take NASA's payloads

Chandrayan-2 will take NASA's payloads

On May 15, 2019, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) told that India will send 13 payloads in the second moon mission to be sent in July and the US space agency NASA’s device will also be there.

Mission

  • NASA will perform the task of measuring the distance between the earth the moon through this module.
  • ISRO said about the moon mission that there will be 13 Indian payloads (eight on orbiter, three on the lander and two payloads on the rover and a passive expriment of NASA).
  • This campaign will include a lunar orbiter (Chandra Yan) built in India and a rover and a lander.
  • All this will be developed by ISRO.
  • According to ISRO, this campaign will also use new technologies as well as new experiments.

Spacecraft

  • The weight of this spacecraft is 3.8 tons.
  • There are three modules: Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (pragyan) in this vehicle.

Landing on the Moon

  • Chandrayaan-2 is likely to land on the moon on September 06, 2019.
  • The orbiter will circulate it at a distance of 100 kilometers from the surface of the Moon, while Lander (Vikram) will easily land on the Moon's southern pole and rover (pragyan) will perform experiment in its place.
  • After the success of the Chandrayaan-2 mission, India will become the fifth country to launch on the moon after Russia, America, China and Israel.

Rover

  • The weight of the rover will be between 20 and 30 kg.
  •  It will be powered by solar energy.
  • The rover will run on the surface of the Moon with wheels.
  • It will collect samples of clay and rocks and will conduct their chemical analysis.
  • Rover will send the data to the orbiter above where it will be sent to the Earth station.

GSLV Mark 3

  • According to ISRO, GSLV Mark 3 launch vehicle will be used in this campaign.
  • ISRO said that the rover will use scientific research on the surface of the moon. Instruments have also been installed on landers and orbit for scientific experimentation.

Vikram, the Lander:

  • Lander is named after the founder of ISRO and the father of Indian space program Vikram Sarabhai.
  • There are four payloads in it. It will do scientific experiments for fifteen days.

Chandrayaan-2

  • Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar exploration campaign after India's Chandrayaan-1.
  • It has been developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
  • This campaign is planned to be launched by the GSLV Mark 3 launch vehicle.
  • The representatives of ISRO and Russian Space Agency (Roskosmos) signed an agreement to work on the Chandrayaan-2 project on November 12, 2007.

Chandrayaan-1

  • On October 22, 2008 India launched its first lunar mission.
  • Chandrayaan-1 is India's first spacecraft to be sent to the moon by the Indian Space Research Organization.
  • This vehicle was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Center with the help of a modified version of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV).
  • Chandrayaan took five days to reach the moon and it took 15 days to set it in the orbit of the Moon.
  • The main objective of Chandrayaan was to explore the detailed map of the surface of the Moon and parts of water and Hilium.
  • This satellite also sends images of the upper surface of the moon through its remote sensing devices.
Q.1 On which Indian scientist, the name of Lander included in Chandrayan-2 campaign, is named?
A. Satish Dhawan
B. Vikram Sarabhai
C. Rakesh Sharma
D. K. Sivan
Answer...
Ans: Vikram Sarabhai
Q.2 When did the first lunar mission Chanrayan-1 was launched?
A. 5 Septemebr 2010
B. 22 October 2008
C. 20 July 2012
D. 12 March 2009
Answer...
Ans: 22 October 2008

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