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Central Government launches 'National Clean Air Program'

Central Government launches 'National Clean Air Program'

The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests has launched this scheme called National Clean Air Program (NCAP) to deal with pollution on January 10, 2019. Under this, all the necessary steps will be taken to tackle pollution in all these cities.

Union Environment, Forest and Climate Change Minister Harsh Vardhan has started this program in Indira Environment Bhawan in the presence of Chief Executive Officer of the Commission, Amitabh Kant.

The special point is that this assessment of pollution reduction will be based on the quality of air in 2017. Given the increasing level of air pollution, the government has now made a nationwide plan to deal with it.

Aim of programme: The objective of the National Clean Air Program is to work on a large scale to prevent, control, and reduce air pollution. Also, quality monitoring of air quality across the country will be improved and spreading awareness among people towards air pollution is also a part of the program.

Under this program, the target of reduction in the level of PM 2.5 and PM10 pollutants from 20 to 30 percent in the air by 2024 has been given.

102 polluted cities included under programme: At the moment, in the first phase of this program, 102 polluted cities of the country including Delhi have been included, which has been the most vulnerable to pollution in recent years. They have also included 15 cities in Uttar Pradesh.

In these 102 cities, Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, Bhopal, Surat, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Jammu, Srinagar, Dhanbad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Guwahati, Lucknow, Kanpur, Raipur, Indore, Sagar, Ujjain, Gwalior, Amravati, Aurangabad, Kolhapur, Nashik, Pune, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Rourkela, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Agra, Allahabad, Bareilly, Firozabad, Ghaziabad, Jhansi, Noida, Rae Bareli, Varanasi, Patna and Gaya are included.

Main Facts:

  • The focus of this program is to focus on all the factors of pollution through combined efforts, with the associated central ministries, state governments, local bodies and other stakeholders.
  • The selection of these cities has been done on the basis of the report released by the World Health Organization and the increased level of pollution.
  • Under this scheme, there has been talk of strengthening monitoring system in all these cities. Only 70 of these cities have the facility to check air pollution. In some of these cities, it is assessed in a manual manner.

At the center level, a committee of the Ministry of Environment and a committee headed by the Chief Secretary of the State at the state level will monitor the implementation of the work plan of the cities.

Q.1 Which city of India is highly air polluted according to WHO?
A. Varanasi
B. Kanpur
C. Lucknow
D. Gaya
Answer...
Ans: Kanpur

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